The Tennessee State Data Center serves as the state’s representative to the Federal State Cooperative for Population Estimates (FSCPE).
As the state’s liaison to the FSCPE, we help to ensure that the Population Estimates produced by the U.S. Census Bureau are accurate and utilize the best and most recent data about Tennessee. On an annual basis, the State Data Center collects information used as inputs for state, county and municipal population estimates. We also review preliminary estimate releases and collaborate with other states as part of a nationwide network.
State and County Data Provided to Population Estimates Program
In support of U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimate production for Tennessee, the State Data Center performs three annual activities:
We gather county-level statistics on births and deaths from the Tennessee Department of Health. These are used for Census Bureau Population Estimates and as important inputs to the Boyd Center’s biennial Population Projections.
Group Quarters Survey
Collect population totals for many of the state’s group quarter facilities (correctional facilities, nursing homes, campuses). This includes an annual survey of on-campus residents at Tennessee’s colleges and universities.
The Building Permit Survey (BPS) is a crucial input for city and town population estimates. We help local governments review and correct BPS reports to maintain an accurate housing unit count throughout the decade.
About the FSCPE
FSCPE has formally existed since 1967. FSCPE agencies in each state are designated by their respective governors to work with the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Division to produce population estimates.
The country’s national, state, county and municipal population estimates are produced annually. They encompass information from the latest decennial census, along with administrative records from both federal and state agencies that are used to estimate the amount of population change.
Federal agencies contribute tax records, Medicare records, and select vital statistics information. FSCPE agencies furnish county-level totals of births and deaths, information on the population residing in group quarters like college dorms, nursing homes, and prisons, and assess building permit activity across the state. The Census estimates are also sent to FSCPE agencies for review and comment.