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Population Estimates

The population of the state, each of the 95 counties and incorporated cities and towns are captured in the federal decennial census on April 1st every 10 years. Between those periods, estimates of population and housing units are produced annually.

The US Census Bureau releases annual estimates of the resident population for the state, counties and municipalities. Through the Federal State Cooperative for Population Estimates (FSCPE), the State Data Center provides data for Tennessee and reviews the projections.

State-level population

Estimates of U.S. residents and state populations are released each December. The totals represent the population on July 1st of each year. These U.S. Census Bureau files are in Microsoft Excel format.

Other state-level data, including characteristics such race, Hispanic ethnicity and age can be found on the Population and Housing Units section of the Census Bureau website.

County-level population

Need the latest county-level information? We integrated both the current population and recent trends into an interactive dashboard for each of Tennessee’s 95 counties.

Screen snapshot of the 2018 Vintage Population Estimate Dashboard



County-level data made available through Population Estimates Program includes characteristic totals for age, gender, race and Hispanic ethnicity. It also has detailed data on births, deaths and migration – known as the components of population change.